[10], Three subspecies of silver birch are accepted:[11][1], B. pendula is distinguished from the related B. pubescens, the other common European birch, in having hairless, warty shoots (hairy and without warts in downy birch), more triangular leaves with double serration on the margins (more ovoid and with single serrations in downy birch), and whiter bark often with scattered black fissures (greyer, less fissured, in downy birch). Silver Birch Tree; Water Birch Tree; Weeping Birch Tree; Yellow Birch Tree; Birch Tree: Facts & Info on Birch Trees. At Garden Express you can make a purchase with confidence. [1], The silver birch is Finland's national tree. Establish which coloured region you live in and then consider the varieties listed as typically suited to that area. Silver birch provides food and habitat for more than 300 insect species – the leaves attracting aphids which provide food for ladybirds and other species further up the food chain. When Your Plants Arrive: Undo the parcel carefully and place the roots in tepid water and soak overnight or at the very least, a few hours. [13] The two have differences in habitat requirements, with silver birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils, and downy birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clay soils and peat bogs. *Please note that if you order large items (eg Patio, Standard or Weeping Roses, Fruit Trees) you must specify a street address for the delivery address. The silver birch is a hardy tree, a pioneer species, and one of the first trees to appear on bare or fire-swept land. 'Youngii' has dense, twiggy, weeping growth with no central leader and requires being grafted onto a standard stem of normal silver birch. As they are shallow-rooted, they may require water during dry periods. The twigs are slender and often pendulous and the leaves are roughly triangular with doubly serrate margins and turn yellow in autumn before they fall. Various parts of the tree are used in traditional medicine and the bark contains triterpenes, which have been shown to have medicinal properties. The species is monoecious with male and female catkins found on the same tree. Slabs of bark are used for making roof shingles and strips are used for handicrafts such as wooden footwear and small containers. [25] The removal of bark was at one time so widespread that Carl Linnaeus expressed his concern for the survival of the woodlands. [6], Several varieties of B. pendula are no longer accepted, including B. pendula var. Orders (except Pre-orders) are normally despatched within 7-14 working days from the time of ordering during busy periods. 10am – 2pm Saturday, excluding public holiday weekends The cultivars marked agm above have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The seeds are very numerous and are separated by scales, and when ripe, the whole catkin disintegrates and the seeds are spread widely by the wind. Prefers a full sun position. Can be used as a specimen tree or planted in close formation to create a forest. A suburban classic, the Silver Birch tree (Betula pendula) features bright green triangular leaves which turn clear yellow in autumn and a silvery white trunk, making this medium sized tree a stunning garden addition. Delivery times may be extended during peak periods (typically following the release of the latest catalogue), extended public holidays, if extreme weather conditions are not suitable for live plant transport or as detailed in the product description. "Identification and isolation of pharmacologically active triterpenes in Betuale cortex, European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_pendula&oldid=990636506, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Great planted in a row lining a driveway or along the edge of a property. The tree can also be found in more temperate regions of Australia. The bark on the trunk and branches is golden-brown at first, but later this turns to white as a result of papery tissue developing on the surface and peeling off in flakes, in a similar manner to the closely related paper birch (B. papyrifera). The buds are small and sticky, and development is sympodial - the terminal bud dies away and growth continues from a lateral bud. Home » Shop » Speciality » Previous Catalogues » Winter 2020 » Winter Ornamental 2020 » SILVER BIRCH. [4], Silver birch wood is pale in colour with no distinct heartwood and is used in making furniture, plywood, veneers, parquet blocks, skis, and kitchen utensils, and in turnery. Your email will be used to notify you about product availability. carelica, fontqueri, laciniata, lapponica, meridionalis, microlepis, and parvibracteata, as well as forms Betula pendula f. bircalensis, crispa, and palmeri. If there is more than one plant to trim, dip secateurs in a solution of bleach and water, or methylated spirits or the like to disinfect them before using them on the different plants. [5], The silver birch grows naturally from western Europe eastwards to Kazakhstan, the Sakha Republic in Siberia, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang province in China, and southwards to the mountains of the Caucasus and northern Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. The main components in the essential oil of the buds are α-copaene (~10%), germacrene D (~15%), and δ-cadinene (~13%). Common Name: BARE ROOTED TREES GENERAL CARE [citation needed]. Known by several names, such as the most common ones being, Paper birch, Yellow Birch, Silver birch, Cherry birch, White birch and Himalayan birch, is related closely to the beech and oak family.

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