SE = Illinois State Endangered Coyote. Plains Pocket Gopher. They are considered as a pest because of the destruction it causes in the places where they live and the diseases that they can carry. Myotis austroriparius (Rhoads, 1897) – southeastern myotis SE This herbivore eats grasses, weeds, grains, seeds, bark, roots, and fruits. The red fox is a midsize fox that lives in the northern region of North America. Females are slightly smaller. For this reason, disturbance to their cave habitats is extremely detrimental to these bats populations. The house mouse is an omnivore eating meat, fruits, seeds, and grains. Some people consider them a pest because they cause great damage to plants, and also carry similar diseases as other rodents. Eptesicus fuscus (Beauvois, 1796) – big brown bat All rights reserved. Sorex hoyi Baird, 1857 – American pygmy shrew Muskrats spend the majority of their time in the water and can swim underwater for up to 17 minutes. For a lending location near you, visit the Illinois Wild Mammals resources trunk lending location Web page.If you do not have access to an Illinois Wild Mammals resources trunk, the images at the following links can be used when teaching the mammal-related lessons. Groundhogs are herbivores eating mainly wild grass, roots, leaves, barks, nuts, flowers, fruit, vegetables, and farming crops. Their lifespan ranges from 10 to 12 years.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'northamericannature_com-mobile-leaderboard-1','ezslot_15',117,'0','0'])); The cinereus shrew is also known as the masked or common shrew. They live in many different habitats including forests, mountains, deserts, grasslands, and tropical regions throughout most of North America. The INHS Mammal Collection contains specimens from each of these species. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'northamericannature_com-leader-1','ezslot_8',110,'0','0'])); Their lifespan is 15 years in the wild and 25 years in captivity. The fur of the muskrat is thick and short of a dark-brown color. I am a mammalogist and a keen birder and have been researching animals for over forty years. They can jump 8 feet or more when they are disturbed. Cervus elaphus Linnaeus, 1758 – elk (wapiti) X, Bison bison (Linnaeus, 1758) – American bison X, FE = Federal Endangered Their colors vary from yellowish or reddish-brown to dark brown, and the underbody is gray. The North American beaver lives in forests (near water bodies) in the northern parts of North America, with a lifespan between 10 to 15 years. Sorex longirostris Bachman, 1837 – southeastern shrew Illinois contains 5 state endangered and 4 state threatened species. Their color is reddish-brown with a light yellow underbody, but in cold northern regions they are completely white. They are omnivores, eating equal amounts of plant and animal matter to make up their diet. 1816 South Oak Street, MC 652 This species usually lives in a group made up of a male, female and their offspring. Their lifespan is four to fourteen years in the wild and twenty six in captivity. Their dens can grow very large, with dens up to five feet recorded. A full checklist of mammals found in Illinois is listed below. They are omnivores and will feed on whatever they can get. Their lifespan is 29 months. The black bear is an omnivore and has a varied diet. Males mark their territory with olfactory signs and are strongly territorial and dominant weasels. They weigh between 5-8g and has a wingspan up to 11 inches. Their dimensions can vary from 1.8 kg to 2.5 kg and around 45 cm to 55 cm in length. They have a transparent third eyelid allowing them to see underwater. Raccoon. They are diurnal animals, and their burrows usually host only one or two squirrels, as they are not a particularly social species. They live in various habitats from forests to more arid areas. They measure about 37 cm and weigh about 1.2 kg. Microtus pennsylvanicus (Ord, 1815) – meadow vole The Western harvest mouse grows up to 140 mm long with a weight up to 15g. River otters are carnivores eating fish, turtles, frogs, crayfish, and insects. From large animals such as coyotes, cougars and black bears, to some of the smallest such as the pygmy shrew and the Western harvest mouse. The little brown bat measures from 8 to 9.5 cm and weighs from 5.5 to 12.5g. The muskrat is a midsize, mostly nocturnal, semiaquatic rodent from North America. They measure about 12 cm and weigh about 43g. They will also feed on mice and shrews, although this is rare. They measure from 31 to 45 cm and weigh from 400 to 1580 g.  Their lifespan is three to four years in the wild and ten years in captivity.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'northamericannature_com-leader-2','ezslot_12',112,'0','0'])); American mink are carnivores eating muskrats, snakes, mice, fish, rabbits, chipmunks, birds, and frogs. They like to live in rocky areas, logs, and bushes in deciduous forests and urban parks. They can carry viruses and bacteria that cause diseases to humans, such as Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS). They are characterized by uniformly colored fur, which is usually dark gray on the back.

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