A "tribe" (in this context a taxon over the level of family-group) of Caducibranchia to contain only Caeciliadae. Torres-Sanchez, Gower, Alvarez-Ponce, Creevey, Wilkinson, and San Mauro, 2019, BMC Genomics, 20 (354): 1–13, reported on genomic evolution, largely those genes correlated with burrowing ability. Since some of these legless animals, known as caecilians (seh-CEE-lee-enz), … : 9. Vert. 2, Duméril, 1863, Mem. Am. Res., 2: 78–83, reported on karyology of Indian species. Pantropical, except for Oceania and Australia. Phylogenet. Syst. Grad. Vert. lobe-finned fishes and terrestrial vertebrates, © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. The most comprehensive revision of caecilians was by Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World, although that work is now very out-dated. Carroll, 2009, The Rise of Amph., reviewed the paleontology of caecilians. hyla" anywhere in a record: e.g., Hyla, Hylidae, Plectrohyla, Ptychadena hylaea, Adenomera hylaedactyla, Will find all records that contain stand-alone uses of Hyla: e.g., Hyla, Hyla arenicolor, Interprets this as "Lithobates OR pipiens" so will find the union of all records that contain either "Lithobates" or "pipiens": e.g., Lithobates omiltemanus, Hylorana pipiens. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Soc., 57: 229-247, suggested a lepospondyl origin of this group; see Nussbaum, 1983, J. Soc. Gymnophia Rafinesque, 1814, Specchio Sci., 2, 2: 104. Rev. Given as a synonym of Gymnophiona. Sci. Order for caecilians. Pseudophidia Gray, 1850, Cat. See also Wake, 1993, Herpetol. Zool. Ophiomorpha Van der Hoeven, 1855, Handb. Evol., 23, Lescure, 1986, Mem. Evol., 56, Wilkinson, San Mauro, Sherratt, and Gower, 2011, Zootaxa, 2874, Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Suisse, 3: 230. Evol., 53, San Mauro, 2010, Mol. Philomath., Paris, Ser. Nat. Mag. : 55. Wilkinson and Nussbaum, 2006, In Exbrayat (ed. Nat. San Mauro, Gower, Cotton, Zardoya, Wilkinson, and Massingham, 2012, Syst. Taxon sampling and data sets were similar but differed in some respects, so at this point in the time the reason(s) for the different results remain problematic. Dierkd., Ed. Torres-Sanchez, Gower, Alvarez-Ponce, Creevey, Wilkinson, and San Mauro, 2019, BMC Genomics, 20 (354): 1–13, reported on the genomic underpinnings of the gymnophionan radiation. Univ. Apoda Tamarunov, 1964, in Orlov (ed. Heterogenous series to include lungfish and caecilians. Soc. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Organ., 2: cxxx. Sci. : 33-61, reported on karyological evidence as it bears on the evolutionary history of caecilians. : 25. Neuchâtel, 2: 16. Zool., Chengdu, 57, San Mauro, Gower, Cotton, Zardoya, Wilkinson, and Massingham, 2012, Syst. Epicriidei Lescure, Renous, and Gasc, 1986, Mem. Ill., Ed. Nat., Paris, 4: 282. Pseudophidii — Gray, 1825, Ann. Imp. Evol., 73, Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Order containing caecilians. Celatibranchia Hogg, 1841, Ann. Please see our brief essay. Order of caecilians, content not stated. Zool. Synopt. Ophiomorpha Huxley, 1863, Q. J. Geol. Philomath., Paris, Ser. : 6. Coeciliae Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Mus. Sci. Mag. Nat. ), Reprod. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. "Tribu" (above the level of family in context), including only caecilians. J. Phylogenet. Dierkd., Ed. Fauna Ital., 2 (Fasc. Nat., 23, Wilkinson, Sheps, Oommen, and Cohen, 2002, Mol. (eds. Imp. Vitt and Caldwell, 2014, Herpetology, 4th Ed. Struct. Nussbaum, 1979, Occas. Unranked taxon (between order and family, in context, although possibly a family), for caecilians. Alternative name for Gymnophidia. Apoda Hogg, 1839, Mag. Am. Order for caecilians. Caecilioidei Lescure, Renous, and Gasc, 1986, Mem. Order for caecilians. Zool., 2: 137. Imp. Soc., 166: 160-201, discussed the evolutionary morphology of the gymnophionan braincase and provided a cladogram of combined morphological and molecular evidence for the group. Zool., Chengdu, 57: 785805, provided a phylogenetic trees based on 11 protein-coding mtDNA genes. Guide Scient. Amph. The name dates back to the taxonomic name of the first species described by Carl Linnaeus, which he named Caecilia tentaculata. Brit. Infraorder containing their families Geotrypeteidae and Siphonopidae. Biol., 61, Maddin, Russell, and Anderson, 2012, Zool. Pseudophydiens Blainville, 1816, Bull. Coeciliae Müller, 1831, Isis von Oken, 24: 711. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. Sci. 2, 2: 460. Disclaimer: Accad. Gymnophidia Cope, 1868, Proc. Phylogenet. Phylogenet. France, 43: 11-19, reviewed the history of classification of this group. San Mauro, 2010, Mol. Zool. Nat. Zool., London, 199: 545-554, for more discussion and disagreement with this view. Nat. World: 5). Wollenberg and Measey, 2009, J. Evol. Will find all uses of ". Coll. Biol. ), Osnovy Paleontologii, 12: 163. Soc. Phylog. An unranked taxon composed of Typhlonectidae + Scolecomorphidae + "Caeciliidae" (paraphyletic residue). Nat. Monogr., 7, Hedges, Nussbaum, and Maxson, 1993, Herpetol. Rept. Soc. Rept. Common Name(s): Caecilians [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Global Species Completeness: Most of them look like either earthworms or snakes. Stegokrotaphia Cannatella and Hillis, 1993, Herpetol. Synopt. Monogr., 3, Nussbaum, 1979, Occas. Herpetol. Torino, Ser. Ophiosomes Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Unranked taxon composed of non-rhinatrematid caecilians, a synonym of Stegokrotaphia. Means that the results of the search must include both words held together by an AND, OR statement. ), Reprod. Mus. Gymnophiona: 39-78, provided a detailed discussion of the evidence for phylogeny within Gymnophiona. Am. Res., Kunming, 25, Hass, Nussbaum, and Maxson, 1993, Herpetol. Batr. Develop. Animal. Nat., 23: 317-337, provided a key to the species in Colombia and briefly discussed their systematics and distribution. Exact. Zhang and Wake, 2009, Mol. France, 43, Cannatella and Hillis, 1993, Herpetol. Order containing solely caecilians. Nat. Batrachophides Latreille, 1825, Fam. London, 19: 67. Phylogenet. Unranked taxon (above family-group) for snakes, amphisbaenians, and caecilians. Am. Lescure, 1986, Mem. Hist., 297: 1-370 (the latter who coined the name Parabatrachia for the fossil and living caecilians, rejected the use of the name Apoda, and restricted the name Gymnophiona to the living crown-group taxa. Peromela Haeckel, 1866, Gen. Morphol.

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