For the beginners who don’t know – There is something called “crop sensor” and “full-frame sensor” in the world of cameras. Good luck and happy shooting! LENS MOUNT. Your email address will not be published. The 18-55mm lens is a classic kit lens for both Nikon and Canon. One final word of advice for the beginners though – If you are thinking of buying a superzoom lens (like the 24-300mm) to “one size fits all”, please think twice. January 7, 2020 January 2, 2020 by Brandon F. If you are in the market for a new camera lens, you may notice that there are tons of options to choose from. Just what are the different types of lenses? Common usage: Landscape, nature, cityscape, and a few creative shots. Advantages: Well, they are cheap and decently well made. Standard lenses can typically have a maximum aperture range from f2.8 to f1.2. I'll try and write a full article discussing all the different types of lenses, so hopefully that will appeal more to you. Feel free to skip this section if you are already an advanced photo ninja. Common usage: Probably almost every occasion – Portrait, food, street, products, etc.. 1:2.8 is the maximum aperture of the lens. Disadvantages: Large aperture lenses are usually bulkier due to a larger build, and are more expensive. Also, this site is mostly videos. Required fields are marked *. I’m a beginner/novice with a long history of a technical interest in photography, currently in retirement and in a new absorption phase, sort of like a fisheye photo ripe for significant post processing. A lens is a tool used to bring light to a fixed focal point. What it is: The focal length range of about 35-50mm is our “daily bread” generic lens, because this is also somewhere near what our human eyes see. You can have a prime lens for a DSLR, or a fish-eye lens for a mirrorless camera as long as the mount of both the camera and the lens are compatible. What is image stabilization? Advantages: The first question that most beginners will probably ask is “Why do people even want inconvenient lenses that don’t have zoom”? I’ll never be a pro, probably strive for being a well-informed hobbyist rubbing elbows with experts, bantering tips, techniques, and striving for perfection in what goes on twelve inches behind every camera … as someone once said. We also participate in affiliate programs with Bluehost, ShareASale, Clickbank, and other sites. Long telephoto lenses are usually used by wildlife photographers to shoot from far and not disturb animals… So that they don’t end up as lunch for the animals. The video linked above does a great job of providing a good explanation for this. The standard lens has a fixed focal length (50mm, 85mm, 100mm), and reproduces fairly accurately what the human eye sees – in terms of perspective and angle of view. camera lens types. The kit lens that came with the camera when you bought it might be enough for some time, but eventually you’ll start dreaming of bigger challenges that require different types of camera lenses. Beginners who are new to photography are pretty much going to get a nasty surprise when it comes to choosing a lens – On top of various different types of lenses, there are also quite a lot of technical terms and lingo that is not easy to understand. Modern lenses look something like this:Each part of the lens serves an important purpose: 1. Advantages: Zoom lenses are simply more convenient. Not your everyday lens for sure. Common usage: Landscape and travel photography. There are many types of camera lenses, and they are to be chosen depending on the subject and the lighting. We try not to write up content from other peoples videos because they ultimately deserve the views and the audience. In many cases, upgrading your lens will … You can use the full-frame lenses on both crop and full-frame cameras. What it is: We normally categorize lenses within the focal length range of 16-35mm as “wide-angle lenses”. Whatever happened to good informative writing? Common usage: Street, landscape, and environmental portrait photography. Advantages: Keeps a good distance away from the subject. When it comes to camera gear, the lens is probably one of the most important piece of equipment you can buy. Not a comfortable lens to carry around with for a long time. Prime lenses tend to have a larger maximum aperture, thus allowing more light into the camera – This is what we call a large aperture lens, and we will go right into that in the next point. Disadvantages: Can’t really think of any, this range is really just… generic. Disadvantages: Macro lenses are rather specialized in macro photography only. Aperture is the next essential term and the easiest way to explain it is, the hole in the middle of the lens. Advantages: Captures a wide-angle of view. Disadvantages: Tilt-shift lenses are one-of-a-kind unique. Lightroom Settings All Photographers Should Know About, Medium Format on a Budget: A Review of a Capable and Inexpensive Medium Format Camera, Shooting With One of the Most Beloved Medium Format Film Cameras, The Camera That Nobody Is Talking About: A Review of the Canon EOS Ra, 90% of Landscape Photography in Only 20 minutes, How to Pose Males in Portrait Photography, A Review of the Leica Q2 Monochrom From a Film and Digital Leica Enthusiast. For a 35mm film camera or a full-frame DSLR, the 50mm lens is considered standard. Tilt-shift usually makes things look like toys. Advantages: Opens a new world of photography. The smaller the f-number is, the larger the aperture size will be. Front element: Collects light and bends it to the other lens elements 3. For shooting stuff that is near, but you don’t want to get too close. What it is: The opposite of zoom lenses, prime lenses are fixed and cannot zoom. What it is: Typically, any lens with a small f-number (f/2 or less) is considered to be a “large aperture lens”, “low light lens” or “fast lens”. There should be something in the title, before you waste time clicking on it, that says, "This is a video, not something you might be hoping to read.". When it comes to camera gear, the lens is probably one of the most important piece of equipment you can buy. Every lens is built differently, uses different technology, and I guess you can call these “types of related lens technologies”. Stand back a little bit from the model, give people some private space… and not to freak them out with “camera in the face”. Straight horizons will appear to be curved, and tall buildings will become bent buildings… It can be disorienting if done wrong. Types of Camera Lenses Explained Also, the types of lenses available for DSLR cameras or mirrorless cameras are based around the lens mount , and not the focal length or lens capabilities. Common usage: Generically almost everything – Casual, street, portrait, food, products, etc…, Advantages: You will find quite a lot of lenses within this focal length range, they are generally good for almost anything – Landscape, street, portrait, food, product, etc…. We don’t have to walk a lot, or go on a lens changing frenzy with a good zoom lens. Since the crop sensor is smaller, it will only take a section of what the full-frame lens offer. Vitrox 24mm f/1.4 Versus Fuji 23mm f/2.0: Does a Wider Aperture Make a Lens the Better Option? They don’t really produce a lot of quality pictures. Again, the more technical way to say this is “a lens with fixed focal length”. Advantages: Small, fits into pockets, light, good for travel and casual use. That is because these lenses let a lot of light into the camera, and are good for shooting in areas that are dimly lit (such as a concert hall). Read more about prime lenses ! Types of Camera Lenses Explained. Good for generic and everyday use. These types of motor are designed to provide smooth and silent autofocus performance during movie recording. The point is that having a good understanding of all the different kinds of lenses can be invaluable. What it is: Pancake lenses have a flat profile, lightweight, and look exactly like pancakes… Therefore, pancake lenses. Superzoom lenses may be convenient, but they may not produce the best photos. The key is, do your own research online before buying a lens. A lens marked STM has a stepping motor in its design. At the time of writing, all of Canon’s lenses designed for its EOS M line of mirrorless cameras have STM technology built into them. Filter thread: Lets you attach lens filters to modify light that reaches your camera sensor 2. Advantages: An interesting lens that offers a different perspective. Is It Time To Change the Laws on Street Photography? As technology progressed, the lens library also grew significantly. Stuff that we cannot see with the naked eye. Like it or not, we humans are always moving, breathing, and shaking. Common usage: Landscape, nature, and a few creative shots. What it is: This is one specialized lens that shoots blurred photos, except for one sharp strip that can be controlled. 5 Pieces of Photography Kit You Shouldn't Leave Home Without. Common usage: Street, wedding and event photography, when we don’t have a lot of time to switch lenses. Apologies for disappointing you, wasn't the intention. I despise videos. For example 17-35mm 1:2.8. So always check if you are getting the correct lens for your camera. They are ultra-wide and have an unmistakable distortion that is like looking through the eye of a fish.
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